Sweet flag (Acorus calamus) is mentioned in Ayurveda and belongs to the genus Acorus information regarding the chemical constituents and. Acorus calamus is a species of flowering plant, a tall wetland monocot of the family Acoraceae, Horticulture. 6 Chemistry; 7 Cultural symbolism; 8 Safety and regulations; 9 Notes and references; 10 External links .. (). “Essential oil composition of Acorus calamus L. from the lower region of the Himalayas”. Download scientific diagram | Active chemical constituents in Acorus calamus L. Root from publication: Prasaplai: An essential Thai traditional formulation for.

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However, several recently published reports on bioactive potential of the Acorus spp.

An Update on Chemical Composition and Bioactivities of Acorus Species – SciAlert Responsive Version

A fraction of Acorus calamus L. The calamus has long been a symbol of love. It must first undergo metabolic l’-hydroxylation in the liver before achieving toxicity. Asarone tend to reduces intracellular triglyceride levels by stimulating the phosphorylation of hormone-sensitive lipase which triggers lipolysis in adipocytes. Each flower contains six petals and stamens enclosed in a perianth with six divisions, surrounding acirus three-celled, oblong ovary with a sessile stigma.

These extracts have protected most of the changes induced by noise-stress in the rat brain. A muskrat spirit came to a man in a dream, telling him that he the muskrat was a root and where to find him. They did not require metal ions for their activity however affected by high concentrations of denaturants like urea, thiourea and guanidine hydrochloric acid Bains et al.

[Chemical constituents of Acorus calamus].

Effect of Acorus calamus L. The radioprotective effects were evaluated by measuring the degree of lipid peroxidation caused using thiobarbit uric acid reacting substances. Wildflowers of Iowa Woodlands. The animals developed tumors, and the plant was labeled procarcinogenic. Gerard lists the Latin name as Acorus verusbut it is evident there was still doubt about its veracity: Some other constituents like caryophyllene, isoasarone, methyl constjtuents and safrol qcorus in lesser amounts have also been identified in the extracts of rhizomes and roots Namba, ; Wang et al.


Translated by Sprengel, Karl Philipp. Volatiles from leaves and rhizomes of fragrant Acorus spp. Insecticidal activity of asarones identified in Acorus gramineus rhizome against three coleopteran stored-product insects.

In addition to “sweet flag” and “calamus” other common names include beewortbitter pepper rootcalamus rootflag rootgladdonmyrtle flagmyrtle grassmyrtle rootmyrtle sedgepine rootrat root, constittuents sedgesweet cane, sweet cinnamonsweet grasssweet myrtlesweet rootsweet rushand sweet sedge. Acorus calamus rhizome extract prepared with ethanol: The comprehensive taxonomic analysis in the Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families from considers all three forms to be distinct varieties of a single species.

The essence from the rhizome is used as a flavor for pipe tobacco. Naturalis Historia [ The Natural History ]. Antimicrobial activity of Acorus calamus L. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi, Insulin sensitizing activity of ethyl acetate fraction of Acorus calamus L. Lewis Carroll uses the plant in Through the Looking-Glass as a symbol of the fleeting nature of childhood: The ancient Egyptians rarely mentioned the plant in medicinal contexts the aforementioned papyrus mentioned using it in conjunction with several ingredients as a bandage used to soothe an ailment of the stomachbut it was certainly used to make perfumes.

A study has shown beneficial effects of A.

Crude extract and ethyl acetate and n-hexane fractions of the extract have been evaluated for spasmolytic effects in the isolated rabbit jejunum preparation Gilani et al. Deepak Ganjewala and Ashwani Kumar Srivastava.

By at least true Acorus calamus was grown in Britain, as it is listed in The Cataloguea list of plants John Gerard grew in his garden at Holborn.

Reports have revealed that A.

Only plants that grow in water bear flowers. Important bioactivities Anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive activities: Also, in older USA literature the name Acorus americanus may be used indiscriminately for all forms of Acorus calamus occurring in North America, irrespective of cytological diversity i.


Comparatively, antimicrobial properties of Acorus spp.

Mode of action of Acorus calamus L. Allelopathic effect of Acorus tatarinowii upon algae. Commercial asarones as well as those isolated from A. Until few years back the Acorus spp.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Flavour and Fragrance Journal. Chemical constituents from petroleum ether fraction of ethanol extract of Acorus tatarinowii. Constituenys German book is one of three possible sources for the French Le Grant Herbier constitusnts, written in, orof which an English translation was published as the Grete Herball by Peter Treveris inall containing the false identification of the Herbarius zu Teutsch.

Thompson notes a number of other details which she claims can be used to tell the different forms apart chwmical North America, such as flower length, average maximum leaf length, relative length of the sympodial leaf with respect to the vegetative leaves, the average length of the spadix during flowering, and tendency of the leaf margin to undulate in the triploid.

Effect of Acorus tatarinowii schott on ultrastructure and permeability of blood-brain barrier. Chemical compositions of Acurus spp. A acorks study has provided preliminary insight into the radioprotecting potential of A.

Novel lectins isolated from the rhizomes of A. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. A Handbook for Practice on a Scientific Basis 3rd ed. CS1 Latin-language sources la CS1 Greek-language sources el Articles with ‘species’ microformats Articles needing additional references from April All articles needing additional references All articles lacking reliable references Articles lacking reliable references from March All pages needing factual verification Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September Articles with Chinese-language external links Use dmy dates from March Taxonbars with 30—34 taxon IDs Wikipedia articles with NDL identifiers.