The Almagest is a 2nd-century Greek-language mathematical and astronomical treatise on the . The second, by G. J. Toomer, Ptolemy’s Almagest in , with a second edition in The third was a partial translation by Bruce M. Perry in . JHA, xviii () ESSAY REVIEW THE ALMA GEST IN TRANSLATION Ptolemy’s Translated and annotated by G. J. Toomer (Duckworth, London, ). Ptolemy’s Almagest. Astronomy – Early works to I. Title II. Toomer. G. J.. . with microfilms of various Greek and Arabic manuscripts of the Almagest.

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As a result, the older texts ceased to be copied and were gradually lost. This translation, based on the standard Greek text of Heiberg, makes the work accessible to English readers in an intelligible and reliable form.

Heiberg in Claudii Ptolemaei opera quae exstant omniavols. But calculations show that his ecliptic longitudes correspond more closely to around 58 AD.

ToomerPtolemy’s Almagest inwith a second edition in AD — c. The Almagest was edited by J. The Arabic name is important due to the popularity of a Latin re-translation made in almgest 12th century from an Arabic translation, which would endure until original Greek copies allmagest in the 15th century.

Ptolemy’s authority was preferred by most medieval Islamic and late medieval European astronomers. Even toomsr the errors tiomer by copyists, and even accounting for the fact that the longitudes are more appropriate for 58 AD than for AD, the latitudes and longitudes are not very accurate, with errors of large fractions of a degree.


George’s translation, done under the patronage of Pope Nicholas Vwas intended to supplant the old translation. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. My library Help Advanced Book Search. Ptolemy inherited from his Greek predecessors a geometrical toolbox and a partial set of models for predicting where the planets would appear in almaget sky. Sahl ibn Bishr is thought to be the first Arabic translator. He was unable to create accurate models for the remaining five planets.

Retrieved from ” https: Ptolemy’s Almagest Ptolemy Snippet view – Retrieved 31 May Problem of Apollonius Squaring the circle Doubling the cube Angle trisection. Contents On simultaneous risings of arcs of the ecliptic and equator at sphaera obliqua.

By this time, the Syntaxis was lost in Western Europe, or only dimly remembered. Hipparchus 2nd century BC had crafted mathematical models of the motion of the Sun and Moon. At least one translator also introduced errors.

Catalog Record: Ptolemy’s Almagest | Hathi Trust Digital Library

In the 12th century a Hoomer version was produced, which was later translated under the patronage of Alfonso X. Ptolemy’s “Almagest” is one of the most influential scientific works in history. The Syntaxis Mathematica consists of thirteen sections, called books.

Magna Syntaxisaljagest the superlative form of this Ancient Greek: Henry Aristippus made the first Latin translation directly from a Greek copy, but it was not as influential as a later translation into Latin made by Gerard of Cremona from the Arabic finished in Views Read Edit View history.

He says that he “observed as many stars as it was possible to perceive, even to the sixth magnitude”, and that the ecliptic longitudes are for the beginning of the reign of Antoninus Pius AD. Cyrene Library of Alexandria Platonic Academy. The new translation was a great improvement; the new commentary was not, and aroused criticism.


In the 15th century, almsgest Greek version appeared in Western Europe. Introduction to the Mathematics of the Heavens in For the journal, see Almagest journal.

Timeline of ancient Greek mathematicians. In a later book, the Planetary HypothesesPtolemy explained how to transform his geometrical tooomer into three-dimensional spheres or partial spheres. Apollonius of Perga c. Ancient Greek astronomical works Astronomy books Works by Ptolemy 2nd-century books. Catesby Taliaferro of St. Account Options Sign in.

Catalog Record: Ptolemy’s Almagest | Hathi Trust Digital Library

The cosmology of the Syntaxis includes five main points, each of which is the subject of a chapter in Book I. Other classical writers suggested different sequences.

This translation, based on the standard Greek Babylonian astronomy Egyptian astronomy. Commentaries on the Syntaxis were written by Theon of Alexandria extantPappus of Alexandria only fragments surviveand Ammonius Hermiae lost.

A masterpiece of technical exposition, it was the basic textbook of astronomy for more than a thousand years, and still is the main source for our knowledge almayest ancient astronomy.

The Almagest is the critical source of information on ancient Greek astronomy. It explained geometrical models of the planets based on combinations of circles, which could be used to predict the motions of celestial objects.