Sebond’s reasons are weak. II. Responses to the first objection () i. Reason may be used to support the truths that faith reveals () ii. Faith has not been. For a reputedly humanistic and temperate philosophy, the Apology [sic] for Raymond Sebond comes off as one of the most intemperate of. Complete summary of Michel Eyquem de Montaigne’s Apology for Raymond Sebond. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of Apology for.

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There is such a like societie betweene the little bird called a Wren and the Crocodill; for the Wren serveth as a sentinell to so great a monster: Our ancient Gaules were but slightly apparelled, no more are the Irish-men, our neighbours, in so cold a climate: Doe but marke if we doe not handle it as it were a peece of waxe, from out so right and so firme a rule, to draw so gor contrary shapes.

The hatred of one man, a spight, a pleasure, a familiar suspect, or a jealousie, causes which ought not to move two scolding fish-wives to scratch one another, is the soule and motive of all this hurly-burly. A goodly faith, that beleeves that which it beleeveth onely because it wanteth the courage not to beleeve the same.

For, when all is done, whatsoever is not as we are, is not of any worth. Whereas, in other creatures there is nothing but we love and pleaseth our senses: We, who have no commerce but of obedience with them? And there is not any but she hath amply stored with all necessary meanes for the preservation of their being.

The debond of Emperours and Coblers are all cast in one same mould.

I finde the Raymonr and the Estridges necke much more raised and upright than ours. As did also the dogge sebnd one called Pyrrhus, who after he was dead would never budge from his masters couch, and when he was removed suffered himselfe to be carried away with him, and at last flung himselfe into the fire wherein his master was consumed.

And although this remedie may haply proceed from a squeamish and cold humor, yet it is a wonderfull signe of our imbecillitie that the use and knowledge should so make us to be cloyd one of an other.

We are placed in the countrie where it was in use; where we regard her antiquity, or the authority of those who have maintained her; where we fears the menaces wherewith she threatneth all misbeleevers, or follow her promises. We have some meane understanding of their senses, so have beasts of ours, about the same measure.

The first law that ever God gave unto man was a law of pure obedience. My opinion is, that ancient Rome brought forth many men of much more valour and sufficiencie, both for peace and warre, than this late learned Rome, which with all her wisdom hath overthrowne her erst-flourishing estate.


I use my Latine somewhat boldly, but it is with that leave which you have given mee. The Oxen, which in the Kings gardens of Susa were taught to water them and to draw water out of deepe wells, turned certaine great wheeles, to which were fastned great buckets as in many places of Languedoke is commonly seene and being every one appointed to draw just a hundred turnes a day, they were so accustomed to that number as it was impossible by any compulsion to make them draw one more, which taske ended they would suddenly stop.

But Montaigne is never consistent nor focused in his views, and the frustration that drives this essay appears as directed at the stoics as at anyone else.

Apology for Raymond Sebond | work by Montaigne |

Touching trust and faithfulnesse, there is no creature in the world so trecherous as man. The errour of Paganisme and the ignorance of our sacred truth, was the cause of this great soules-fall: Plato and these examples conclude that apoology are brought to beleeve in God either by reason or by compulsion, Atheisme being a proposition as unnaturall and monstrous as it is hard and uneasie to be established in any mans raynond, how insol ent and unruly soever he may be: Our skin is as sufficiently provided with hardnesse against the injuries of the weather as theirs.

His contempt from constructive philosophy from Plato to Aristotle to his time builds, until he is even attacking the Pyrrhonists for the hubris of their claim to not knowing anything:. It is a matter of divination to guesse in whom the fault is that we understand not one another. If I have my houre sbeond begin or to refuse, so hath she hers.

Our histories report the earnest pursuit and sharpe chase that some dogges have made for the death of their masters. There is no hostilitie so excellent as that which is absolutely Christian. Me seemeth that Lactantius doth not onely attribute speech unto beasts, but also laughing.

Whereat the people raising a loud crie, and by their shouting and clapping; of hands seeming to be much pleased, the Emperour willed the slave to be brought before him, as desirous to understand of him the cause of so strange and seld-seene an accident, who related this new and wonderfull storie unto him. They establish, saith he, by the reason of their judgement, that whatsoover is reported of hell, or of after-comming paines, is but a fiction: As for outward apparance rajmond true shape of the visage, it is the Munkie or Ape: Who hath perswaded him that this admirable moving of heavens vaults, that the eternal light of these lampes so fiercely rowling over his head, that the horror-moving and continnall motion of this infinite raymobd ocean were established, and continue so many ages for apoology commoditie and service?

First for astrologie, it may apoogy be said that man doth learne it of them: Or when thicke-eares of Corne are parch’t by Sunne new-spred. Even in beasts that have no voice at all, by the reciprocall kindnesse which we see sebon them, we easily inferre there is some other meane of entercommunication: In all the rest, live like a beast.


Pyrrho did not want to make himself a stump or a stone; he wanted to make himself a living, thinking, reasoning man, enjoying all natural pleasures and comforts, employing and using all his bodily and spiritual faculties in regular and upright fashion. Eorum scilicet animantium quo ratione utuntur. If it be justice to give every one his due, beasts which serve, love, and defend their benefactors, pursue and outrage strangers, and such as offend them, by so doing they represent some shew of our justice, as also in reserving a high kinde of equality in dispensing of what they have to their young ones.

An Apology for Raymond Sebond

The fantastic, imaginary, false privileges that man has arrogated to himself, of regimenting, arranging, and fixing truth, he honestly renounced and gave up. It is no great marvell if we understand them not: Marke but the divers turnings and severall kinds of motions which by the commandement of their bare words they make them performe: Keep warme ’tis meete the head and feete: We see, notwithstanding, even in our grosest works, what faculties we employ in them, and how our minde employeth apologu uttermost of her skill and forces in them: Amongst other slaves, that in sight of all the people were presented to encounter with these beasts, there chanced to be one Androclus of Dacia, who belonged unto a Roman Lord who had been Consull.

Whereas so divine and heavenly an institution never markes Christians but by the tongue. Our zeale worketh wonders, whenever it secondeth our inclinations towards hatred, crueltie, ambition, avarice, detraction, or rebellion. And if sebobd at all times, no more doth she unto beasts; witnesse the provision wee see the ants and other silly creatures to make against the cold and barren seasons of the yeare. I beleeve, neverthelesse, that if a childe, bred in some uncouth solitarinesse, farre from haunt of people though it were a seobnd matter to make triall of it would no doubt have some kinde of words to expresse, and speech to utter his conceits.

It was even at what time the new fangles of Luther began to creepe in favour, and in many places to shake the foundation of our ancient beleefe. Behold here the historie Androclus reported unto the Emperour, which after he caused to be declared unto all the people, at whose generall request he was forthwith set at libertie, and quit of his punishment, and by the common consent of all had the Lion bestowed upon him.

We have more severall motions of limbs, and naturally without reaching: