Following severe land and forest fires in , ASEAN Member States ( AMS) signed the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution (AATHP) . ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution. The Parties to this Agreement,. REAFFIRMING the commitment to the aims and purposes of the. Implementation of the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution. ( AATHP); ii. Sustainable Management of Peatlands for Peatland Fires Prevention;.
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The data used in this article were collected for a research project: Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under Creative Commons license. We wanted to know how local administrations view an agreement between ASEAN countries on haze pollution that Indonesia ratified two years ago.
What is contained in the agreement? Which part of haze does it regulate? Are there any provisions that contain pollutkon or other means?
Here, as well as in other areas in Kalimantan, Sumatra and Papua, slash-and-burn methods are still commonly used to clear land for expansion of oil palm plantations. Slash-and-burn is the cheapest and fastest way to prepare land for planting.
But it produces haze that harms the health of humans and wildlife. Emissions from forest pollurion in Indonesia contribute to global warming. It travels with the wind to neighbouring countries. This was a response to a haze crisis after huge forest fires in Indonesia between and created a thick smog across neighbouring countries. At the time, fires burned some 45, ahreement kilometres of forests in Kalimantan and Sumatra.
The wind swept the acrid smoke across the region, polluting Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore and even Thailand.
The haze crisis happened in the midst of the devastating Asian Financial Crisis. The timing meant countries in the region struggled to cope with this disaster.
Hence, the fires prompted ASEAN countries to try to overcome the economic and health impact of haze crisis together.
It took 11 years after the treaty came into force for Indonesia to ratify the agreement in But two years in, Indonesia has yet to enact regulations at the national and local level.
Lawmakers believed that national laws, such as the Law on Jaze and the Law on Environmental Protection and Managementwere adequate, she said. The Indonesian laws mentioned above also prohibit land-clearing by burning. In fact, Indonesia does not categorise the spread of haze from forest burning as a disaster. Currently, their mandate is limited to emergency preparedness. As a result, national and local disaster agencies cannot prevent and mitigate haze.
They can only start work once there are already fires and haze.
Within the Indonesian government, problems of commitment and co-ordination among agencies at the central and local level persist. Transboundar Ministry of Environment and Forestry – the government body responsible for tackling threats to the environment – does not seem interested in enforcing the ASEAN haze agreement. ASEAN has set a goal of a haze-free region by It may not achieve that goal if Indonesia does not not catch up.
Local administrations throughout Indonesia should be informed about the policy. Only this way can we ensure that policies are synchronised and implemented effectively at national and local level.
Write an article and join qsean growing community of more than 77, academics and researchers from 2, institutions. Available editions United States. But, as of now, Indonesia has yet to enact regulations at the national and local level.
A repeat of this disaster will surely aggravate the already bad regional economic situation.
Slow implementation It took 11 years after the treaty came into force for Indonesia to ratify the agreement in Article 11 of the haze pollutoin obliged state parties, among others, transbounxary Disjointed action Within the Indonesian government, problems of commitment and co-ordination among agencies at the central and local level persist. Help us bring facts and expertise to the public. You might also like shutterstock. The complete ban on burning peatlands, while effective in reducing forest and land fires, may in the long run harm the local agriculture industry.
Communicative and responsive leaders could well be the main ingredient poolution citizens to participate. Migrants from Myanmar at the gate of an immigration detention center in Medan on 5 April Relevant government officials in Indonesia acknowledge that immigration detention facilities should not be used for housing refugees and asylum seekers.
But finding alternatives to detention to accommodate asylum seekers has been difficult. Should I kill spiders in my home? Expert Database Find experts with knowledge in: Follow us on social media.