While there is no single cause of type 2 diabetes, there are well-established risk factors. Some risk factors can be controlled and others you are born with. Objective To evaluate the current use of Australian Type 2 Diabetes Risk Assessment Tool (AUSDRISK) as a screening tool to identify individuals at high risk of. The AUSDRISK is a tool that can determine if you are risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the next 5 years. Check your risk. A Elizabeth Street, Melbourne, .
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This puts you in a category. Subcategory of ‘Diagnosis’ designed to be very sensitive Rule Out. Do you have any competing interests to declare?
High risk For scores ofapproximately one person in every 14 will develop diabetes. The IDF consensus worldwide definition of the metabolic syndrome. The AROC for the final model, using only waist circumference as the measure of obesity, was 0. The AusDiab study has been described in detail elsewhere.
Secondly, as too few individuals of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and Pacific Islander origin were followed up to accurately determine diabetes risk for this group, they were combined with southern European and Asian people to generate a high-risk ethnic group. Use of lipid-lowering medications.
Feedback Provide feedback If you would like a response please complete our enquiries form. Developed specifically for the Australian population but has allowance for ethnicity and country of birth, so it may have validity in other countries with similar demographics. Intermediate risk For scores ofapproximately ausdrisi person in every 50 will develop diabetes.
People with a southern European or Asian background had similar, elevated, age- and sex-adjusted odds ratios for incident diabetes in comparison with people of Australian or New Zealand origin: Glucose indices, health behaviors, and incidence of diabetes in Australia: Creating an account is free, easy, and takes about 60 seconds.
Publication of your online response is subject to the Medical Journal of Australia ‘s editorial discretion. D is in epidemiology and toll has over 15 years of experience in auzdrisk and clinical studies in obesity, diabetes and co-morbidities.
Do simple questions about diet and physical activity help to identify those at risk of type 2 diabetes? In circumstances where waist circumference is not available, the model with BMI can be used instead. Med treatment and more Treatment. These versions include a risk factor pertaining to fruit and vegetable consumption, which was not a significant predictor of diabetes in the final model but was added for its value as a public health message; one point is allocated for those who consume less than one serve of fruit or vegetable per day.
For all other ethnicities, definitions were: It is straightforward, and gives a reasonable assessment of diabetes risk. This approach might not be sufficiently accurate to capture the excess risk of diabetes in these two populations.
Australian Government Department of Health. Ethnicity has been previously found to be a significant predictor for incident diabetes and thus was included in the models from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study 25 and the San Antonio Heart Study 26 in which African Americans and Mexican Americans were assigned extra risk score points, respectively.
Further, although weight and height seem more straightforward, accurate scales and measures are not routinely available to the general public, many people are likely to rely on remembering an earlier measurement, and the conversion of weight and height into BMI even with appropriate tables is likely to lead to errors.
This study had some limitations.
Data on demographic characteristics, dietary and alcohol consumption, smoking status, physical activity, television viewing time, parental history of diabetes and medical history were collected by an interviewer-administered questionnaire.
Methods Study population The AusDiab study has been described in detail elsewhere. The rising prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance: As we aimed to provide a simple diabetes risk score, several variables with statistical significance were excluded.
With the rising number of Australians affected by diabetes, heart disease and stroke, the need for research is more critical than ever. Med J Aust ; 4: Your waist measurement taken below the ribs usually at the level of the navel, and while standing cm. Identifying individuals at high risk for diabetes: