Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior. (a) Egg and (b) egg strings of Enteroctopus megalocyathus. .. Hatchling chromatophore numbers of Enteroctopus megalocyathus (n = 27) in. PDF | Advances in controlled cultivation of Patagonian red octopus Enteroctopus megalocyathus (Gould ) have fostered biological.

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Southern red octopuses are a prime target for many predators that are larger than them.

Their mantle is about 20 cm wide and has a rough appearance. Evidence for an absorptive function in the “liver” of Octopus vulgaris. Along with these defenses, southern red octopuses have an ink sac to confuse predators if they get too close.

In relation with the description of the salivary glands in this paper, we found characteristics coincident with those observed in the rest of the Octopoda Incirrata as mentioned by Boucher-Rodoni and Mangold and Mangold and Entsroctopus Specifically, hatchlings of E. These cells are reduced in height. They are located at the apical zone of the cell. Thus, characteristics of E.

Enteroctopus – Wikipedia

Benthic hatchlings rarely swim, although they can do so if needed, and they are able to crawl or rest with their arms outstretched on the ground. Nevertheless at the level of the primary folds of the external wall, an involution megslocyathus the glandular acini or caecal gland of the terminal zone is observed Figure 3b. They ehteroctopus from the basal lamina to the lumen of the organ. We also thank two reviewers, Dr. The arm length for this species is approximately 60 cm.


A special thank to N. On the tip, an additional line of two or three smaller chromatophores could be found. Aquaculture Research Geographic Range The Patagonian giant octopus or southern red octopus, Enteroctopus megalocyathusis limited to the Neotropical region of southern South America. With regard to the two days food deprived octopuses in the laboratory, the organs that showed histological changes were: In contrast, in E. The dorsal side was densely covered 11 across except for the mid-region, which was eenteroctopus sparsely covered more evident in fixed enterocctopus than in fresh ones Fig.

Averages are more like 16 feet 5 meters and lbs 50 kilograms. Help us improve the site by taking our survey. The most conspicuous organ of the digestive tract is the digestive gland Figure 1with the appendages of the digestive gland enclosed at its distal end.

A conspicuous reduction in goblet cells number is observed Figure 3b. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. The muscle coat is well developed and consists of two layers of muscles fibers: The secretion of the cells was detected applying PAS and alcian blue at different pH.

Enteroctopus megalocyathus – Wikipedia

Several authors, Boucher-Rodoni and Boucher-Rodoni and Mangold between others, observed that in some Octopodidae the epithelium of the oesophagus, crop, stomach, caecum and intestine was simple and cylindrical. The skeletal remains of the prey are known as middens. All the folds at the zone of megalocyaathus columella and in the external wall of the caecum have a central axis of loose connective tissue or corion with high vascularization. We also thank Kevin Flynn and two anonymous reviewers for their useful comments.


Dorsal chromatophores were more abundant than ventral ones, and their shape and distribution created a very distinctive pattern.

Short microvilli are observed in the apical domain of the cell forming a striated border. Eggs and hatchlings were found to have several characteristics that can be used for species identification. Published by Oxford University Press. The stomach and caecum spiral are approximately equal in size.


Eggs, clutches and hatchlings are described here for the first time and compared with those of both other Patagonian octopodids and other Enteroctopus species. Because the brooding female had an empty ovary, we used this clutch to obtain the total number of eggs per clutch. They could either remain inactive in that position or begin to crawl along the sidewall with a coordinated action of the arms for short distances.

There are no negative economic impacts of southern red octopuses on humans. Once penetrated, octopuses inject digestive enzymes from salivary glands into the shell of prey to dissolve the flesh.