Samuel Ibn Tibbon (c. –) was a translator, philosopher, and philosophical commentator on the Bible. He is most famous for his. Judah ben Saul ibn Tibbon, (born , Granada, Spain—died c. , Marseille ), Jewish physician and translator of Jewish Arabic-language works into. Jacob ben Tibbon is also known by the Latin version of his name, Prophatius Judaeus, and in Provence he is known by the name Don Pro Fiat. The ibn Tibbon .

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Anton Edler von Schmid, The philosophical digressions are tibon related to logic, astronomy, meteorology, generation and corruption, celestial influence on the sublunar world, and the soul and its faculties.

Other Internet Resources [Please contact the author with suggestions. Editing the text, comparing manuscripts The first order of business in translating a text is the preparation of a reliable edition.

Ibn Tibbon

It exercised influence and caused controversy throughout the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries and even into the fifteenth, when Jewish philosophy gradually turned to Christian-Latin rather than Graeco-Arabic and Arabic sources for inspiration. Ibn Tibbon translated them and attached them to his commentary on Ecclesiastes. This presented a ready lexicon of sorts for the translator: Maimonides, Moreh ha-NevukhimY. Thus, for example, they were included in Gershom b.

There Jewish sages, on their way to the holy land, visited him in order to consult his translation of the Guide. Thus he tibboj far more than simply producing literal translations; he also initiated the creation of a cognate literature in Hebrew: Why did Ibn Tibbon write his philosophy in this way? Classical, Early, and Medieval Prose and Writers: Learn More in these ubn Britannica articles: Contact our editors with your feedback. He was already quoted and eulogized by his contemporary, David Kimhi, and had decisive impact on the work of his son Moses and son-in-law Jacob Anatoli.


The translation itself, however, uses terms such as nirdaf for synonym that were not part of Ibn Tibbon’s translation lexicon. Many examples of this type have been enumerated by the logicians. He explains that the table and shewbread, and the very sensuous sacrificial cult in general, tibbno as a lesson in theology.

But he also translated other works by Maimonides, and produced the first Hebrew versions of Aristotle and Averroes.

Samuel Ibn Tibbon (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

With these four entries, Ibn Tibbon introduced his Hebrew reader to the entire Aristotelian curriculum as it had developed in the Arabic world including pseudo-Aristotelian works.

In order to give a sense of Ibn Tibbon’s philosophical exegesis, I’ll briefly tibgon his original writings, then single out a few specific examples relating to a single problem: Ibn Tibbon begins this work with a cosmological question—why is the earth not covered entirely by water—and then proceeds to answer this and related questions in tkbbon to verses from Genesis, Isaiah, Ezekiel, Job, and especially the Book of Psalms.


Thus already in the s Abraham ibn Hasdai found tobbon necessary to produce a fresh ivn of the work, since he could not find a copy of the rendering by his predecessor. His interpretations will be presented here in relation to those of Maimonides. Although they are diverse in form and content, they all share two main characteristics: Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.

He is best known for his translations of Jewish rabbinic literature from Arabic to Hebrew. In the following generation, the entire text of al-Bitruji was translated by Samuel’s son Moses.

The last major figure of the family was Jacob b. Schoken Books,pp. Samuel ibn Tibbon Samuel ibn Tibbon Chapter: According to his interpretation, the angels ascending are the philosophers, who ascend the ladder of wisdom toward metaphysics, the final subject of the curriculum. Much of the chapter will be spent attempting to discern what Ibn Tkbbon says about Job.

The ladder is set up on the earth and extends into tlbbon celestial realm, the rungs on the ladder are the four elements or seven celestial bodies, and the angels ascending and descending are the celestial intelligences.