Home Jawara v Gambia (Communication No. /95, /96) [] ACHPR 17; (11 May ). Jawara v Gambia (Communication No. /95, /96) []. The African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACmHPR) held that the Government of Gambia, by failing to provide any defense to the allegations. Jawara v Gambia, Merits, Communication no /95, Communication no /96, 27th ordinary session (27 April May ), 13th Annual Activity Report.

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This change is what Arnold Hughes termed a “Green Revolution”, a political process in which a rural elite hte to challenge and defeat an urban-based political petty-bourgeoisie.

University of Yambia University of Liverpool. Corruption created a serious legitimacy crisis for the PPP. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Sir Dawada Kairaba Jawara.

This page was last edited on 16 Decemberat The two pre-independence challenges jaeara Jawara’s position demonstrated his vulnerability and illustrated the fact that he could not rely upon the undivided loyalty of the party’s founding members.

Following this, he went into exile, but returned inand now lives in retirement in The Gambia. There were no primary schools in Barajally Tenda: On the other, Jawara’s rejection of coercion as a survival technique meant that overt public challenges could not simply be suppressed; it was vital the latent threat posed by specific societal groups remain dormant. The confederation collapsed in However the new self-appointed, five-man ruling council dissolved the constitution and established a nationwide curfew until democracy was reinstated.

This was particularly embarrassing because the people and organisations with the highest loans were close to PPP. Instead, he made overtures of reconciliation, with judicious and speedy trial and subsequent release of over detainees. The Gambia Echo [1] https: Lacking the coercive option, and given that affective ties, which had to be earned, were a medium- to long-term resource, Jawara initially relied heavily on instrumental ties and distribution of patronage.

Jawara may not have used force, but neither was he hampered by sentiment; his pragmatism and willingness to demote, or even drop, former supporters in order to strengthen his personal political position was apparent.

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However, resource shortages had more likely than not persuaded leaders to priorities in favour of elites. At the time of his return to The Gambia, politics in the colony were dominated by a group of urban elites from Bathurst and the Kombo St.

//96 Sir Dawda K. Jawara / Gambia (The) / Decisions on Communications / ACHPR

Additionally, a new Gambian army was created as part of a new confederate army. Thanks to the growing economy, the government introduced in the s the policy of ‘Gambianisation’, which led to an expansion of the state’s role in the economy.

The applicant, the former head of state of the Gambia, alleged that the military government tbe unseated him initiated a reign of terror, intimidation and arbitrary detention para. The Gambia was incorporated into the world economy as a supplier of agricultural exports largely groundnuts and tourism.

The greatest challenge to Dawda Jawara’s rule other than the coup that ended his power in was an attempted coup inheaded by a disgruntled ex-politician turned Marxist, Kukoi Samba Sanyang. Findings of the Commission.

President Jawara was under great pressure because of the repercussions of the aborted coup and the Senegalese government. While he was happy to have met Ghana’s founding father, Kwame Nkrumahthe impact did not prove significant at the time.

Dawda Jawara – Wikipedia

Retrieved 8 July The Commission established that the government had failed to provide any defence to the allegations raised by the applicant concerning violations of Article 9. A possible union between two new West African states”. Elizabeth II as Queen of the Gambia. Dawda from an early age attended the local Arabic schools to memorize the Qurana rite of passage for many Gambian children.

In The Gambia two additional factors persuaded Jawara to pursue a somewhat different route to political survival. After independence, in response to the pre challenges to his jxwara, Jawara moved to reduce the size, cohesion and authority of the founding members as a group. Despite their relatively small size, they came to dominate both the social, political and economic life of the colony. Gambia Date of decision: Jammeh Archived 21 February at the Wayback Machine.


In the process, he established valuable social contacts and relationships with the relatively well-to-do cattle owners in the protectorate. Particular focus was to be placed on the field of agriculture. We are a poor country where petty jealousies exist. Their father Almammi, who had several wives, was a well-to-do trader from an aristocratic family who commuted from Barajally Tenda to his trading post in Wally Kunda. Within the ruling group, ministerial positions—which provided a generous salary, perks and for some, access to illicit wealth—constituted the most gamiba after form of patronage jaawra yet, beforethe number of ministerial posts did not exceed seven.

Given these circumstances, Jawara’s task was to overcome his low caste status, assert his authority over the party and secure control over its political direction. Following the coup attempt, Jawara and Senegalese President Abdou Diouf announced the creation of the Senegambia Confederationbut it collapsed in At the time, colonial education was intended to train Africans for the most menial of clerical tasks in the civil service.

Sir Dawda K Jawara v. The Gambia

The original ga,bia resented the fact that newcomers had not participated in the early struggle for power and yet were now enjoying the fruits of their labour. Insights for Adjustmet in Sub-Saharan Africa. No doubt there was a strong element of opportunism in Sanyang’s actions, yet the fact that he seized upon corruption as a suitable justification for his actions reflected increasing public awareness of the problem.

Corruption had become a serious problem in The Gambia, especially during the last two years of thee PPP rule. At 94, he is currently the oldest living former Gambian president.